Question 27. The liberals looked to change society. These three demands were Lenin’s ‘April Theses’. Class 9 Science Chapter 2 Extra Questions contains all long and short answers questions with solutions and explanations. By the 1950s it was acknowledged within the country that the style of government in the USSR was not in keeping with the ideals of the Russian Revolution. Answer: How did Karl Marx view capitalists? How did Karl Marx want to empower the workers? (Imp) What aggravated workers’ condition in February 1917? Who was Karl Marx? He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. Question 2. By January 1920, the Bolsheviks succeeded in controlling most of the former Russian empire. In Such a society workers were exploited. On the 27th, the Police Headquarters were ransacked. Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. Together with the social Democrats and Socialist Revolutionaries, they worked with peasants and workers to demand a constitution. What different visions of the future had socialists? Question 29. Russian army lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. Or Some believed in the idea of cooperatives, others felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. But Stalin’s collectiviasation programme did not bring the desired results. Answer: Question 32. Question 10. The NCERT History Books are based on the latest exam pattern and CBSE syllabus. Lawyers, doctors, engineers and other middle class workers established the Union of Unions and demanded a Constituent Assembly. Russia was losing the war at all fronts. Why were socialists active in the countryside in Russia through the late nineteenth century? They were not against the existence of private property, but dislike concentration of property in the hands of a few. Between 1929 and 1931, the number of cattle fell by one-third. In the later years the Bolshevik party was known as the Russian Communist Party. 11th History chapter have many topics. They were in favour of privileges of great land owners and wealthy factory owners. All the questions based on elements, compounds and mixtures are taken for the description of the chapter 2 of class ix science. They supported women’s suffragette movement. Their demands included a reduction in the working day to eight hours, an increase in wages and improvement in their working conditions. In the countryside, socialists formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900. Question 1. Question 3. Answer: He argued that industrial society was capitalist. Question 8. But the fundamental laws, issued in April 1906, before the first Duma met in May 1906, deprived it of control over state ministers and limited its ability to initiate legislation effectively. However the government suppressed their agitation by imposing curfew. They opposed the privileges of great land owners and wealthy factory owners. Log in, Concise Mathematics Class 10 ICSE Solutions 2018. Important questions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 named Polynomials help the students to prepare for the Class 9 Mathematics Examination. Lenin felt that peasants were not one united group. Answer: In spite of these improvements, Russia’s economic condition remained backward. In the beginning it promised that it would be a representative assembly and that its approval would be necessary for the enactment of legislation. They set up funds to help members in times of distress. Able-bodied men were called up to the war. They believed in gradual change and establishment of a parliamentary form of government like that of France and Britain. Who advised the Tsar to abdicate? Answer: Question 11. Making a Socialist Society. Answer: It was a war started by Germany during the Second World War, which resulted in the mass murder of selected groups of innocent civilians of Europe. How did the First World War on the ‘Eastern front’ differ from that on the ‘Western front’? Answer: The group of people who wanted to change the society thoroughly were called radicals. Question 14. Demonstrating workers crossed from the factory quarters to the centre of the capital—the Nevskii Prospekt. Let the polynomial be f(x) = 5x â â¦ There were several reasons behind it: (i) The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. A large number of people were forced to make false confessions under torture and were executed. The regiments supported the workers. How did centralised planning boost Russia in its economic growth? The procession of workers led by Father Gapon reached the Winter Palace. Which incident sparked the French Revolution? Question 5. It ordered its supporters to seize the government offices and arrest ministers. (ii) Economic conditions: Before 1905, the vast majority of Russia’s people were agriculturists. What values are associated with socialism? Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. Now he felt it was time for Soviets to take over power. They also opposed the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. Uprisings took place in other cities. What was the status of political parties in Russia before 1914? After notes we have also provided important questions form that topics. He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. Suddenly, after the revolution, it seemed possible to change this. Also after the chapter, you can get links to Class 9 History Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers etc. Why were some people in the Bolshevik Party initially surprised by it? How were Russian industries badly affected by the First World War? They felt that men of property mainly should have the right to vote. Or How were peasants treated who resisted his programme? Answer: Question 2. What was the majority religion of Russia at that time? (iii) Some received education in the USSR’s Communist University of the Workers of the East. Robert Owen, a leading English manufacturer, sought to build a cooperative community called New Harmony in Indiana (USA). Besides the territory around Moscow, the Russian empire included current day Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, parts of Poland, Ukraine and Belarus. (ii) His April Theses consisted of three demands i.e. Question 7. twentieth century, it was recognised that socialist ideals still enjoyed respect among the people across the world. Although Stalin’s government allowed some independent cultivation, it treated such cultivation unsympathetically. Answer: Question 1. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. By the winter of 1916, riots at bread shops began to occur frequently. Or Question 2. Question 3. Question 5. Question 20. Some had strong links with the villages from which they came. As a result, trenches proved less effective. These will provide you with a rough idea about what type of questions you may come across in the exam and from which chapter. These peasants were severely punished. Or They were backed by French, American, British and Japanese troops. It was an elected Consultative Parliament of Russia. So peasants, not the workers, would be the main force of revolution; and Russia could become socialist more quickly than other countries. This ended the exploitation of the poor by the hands of the capitalists and landlords. There had been exceptional frost and heavy snow. Important questions, guess papers, most expected questions and best questions from 11th History have CBSE chapter wise important questions with solution for free download in PDF format. French Revolution,Socialism in Europe,Nazism and the rise of Hitler,Forest Society,Pastoralists in the modern world are the important topics in the Note. The situation discredited the government and the Tsar, soldiers felt so demoralised that they wanted to keep themselves away from such a war. He feared that the Provisional Government would set up a dictatorship in Russia. Question 2. Stalin’s government allowed some independent cultivation, but treated such cultivators unsympathetically. He is considered the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the nineteenth century. How did peasants react to this policy? Question 5. Many factories were set up in the 1890s, when Russia’s railway network was extended, and foreign investment in industry increased. The party was divided over the strategy of organisation. Answer: In Germany, these associations worked closely with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and helped it win parliamentary seats. He was an Italian nationalist who worked for the unification of Italy and led the Italian revolutionary movement. Question 25. Answer: (i) In the west, armies fought from trenches stretched along eastern France. They favoured a disciplined party, to control the members and quality of its members. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy, in place of several separate states. Conservatives were opposed to radicals and liberals. The mechanised equipment itself would enable the extraction of greater surpluses than the peasant strip farm. Here on AglaSem Schools, you can access to NCERT Book Solutions in free pdf for Social Science History for Class 9 so that you can refer them as and when required. Many peasants protested such attempts and destroyed livestock to show their anger. Question 6. Answer: The first part of the syllabus consists of chapter 1: matters in our surroundings, chapter 2: Is matter around us pure, chapter 3: atoms and molecules, chapter 4: structure of the atoms, chapter 5: the fundamental unit of life, chapter 6: tissues and chapter 7: diversity in living organisms. This provoked the workers to go on a strike. Question 28. Question 16. The February revolution was not led by any political party but people themselves led it. Socialists were active in the countryside through the late nineteenth century. There was heavy fighting especially in Moscow. Very Short Answer Type Questions. But the nineteenth century, they accepted that some change was inevitable but believed that the past had to be respected and change had to be brought about through a slow process. From 1929, the Stalin forced all peasants to cultivate farms (kolkhoz). They saw it as the root of all social ills of the time. They did not believe in Universal Adult Franchise. What was the biggest drawback of the liberals? The food supply situation turned even worse in subsequent years because production did not increase immediately. Over 100 workers were killed and about 300 wounded. Petrograd had brought down the monarchy and gained an important place in the history of Soviet Union. However, because of government policy, it had to operate as an illegal organisation. Or Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 with Answers from here. Answer: Download NCERT Books 2020-2021 for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. What was genocidal war? Many people in the Bolshevik Party were initially surprised by the April theses. Russia became a one-party state. The Central powers For examples, Germany, Austria and Turkey and. (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. 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