mopane tree uses

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Widely used for wood carvings and furniture; sap used to treat skin cuts and wounds and to treat eye cataracts; roots are used in concoction to treat blackwater fever and malaria; ashes of roots are used for asthma and tuberculosis; a liquid infusion of the bark is for headaches, stomach aches and piles In Northern South Africa and larger adjacent areas of Botswana and Zimbabwe, the trees tend to vary between 4 and 18 m (13 and 59 ft), often called "mopane scrub" (shrub) but also sometimes taller and forming woodland. Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, Republic of South Africa. Colophospermum mopane is com-monly known as mopane and is considered as one of the most important tree species in the mopane woodland. Search for more papers by this author . The Herero people of Namibia use it for making sacred fires and for ceremonially removing teeth. The shrub Mopane woodland was characterized by the presence of Aloe spp. Apart from using it for cooking, bitter leaf is rarely used for any other thing because people are unaware of its miraculous health benefits. It also grows in alluvial soils (soil deposited by rivers). Where it occurs, it is often the dominant tree species, frequently forming homogeneous stands. Colophospermum mopane, commonly called mopane,[2] mopani,[3] balsam tree,[2] butterfly tree,[2] or turpentine tree,[2] is a tree in the legume family (Fabaceae), that grows in hot, dry, low-lying areas, 200 to 1,150 metres (660 to 3,770 ft) in elevation, in the far northern parts of southern Africa. Jackson (1990), List of Southern African indigenous trees, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Mopane | The Wood Database - Lumber Identification (Hardwood)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mopane&oldid=995531095, Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The mopane tree is home to the mopane moth (Gonimbrasia belina). It is also increasingly being used in the construction of musical instruments, particularly woodwind. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The wood of the mopane tree is used for its colour, durability and termite-resistance to make furniture and fences. However, this also makes it termite resistant. The tree is a major food source for the mopane worm, the caterpillar of the moth Gonimbrasia belina. Trees growing in the Cathedral Mopane forest in the Game Management Area adjoining South Luangwa National Park. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by web interface by Gum or resin: The tree is the source of Angola copal. Mopane twigs have been traditionally used as tooth brushes, bark to make twine and for tanning, and leaves for healing wounds. with help from Trees are more shrubby when growing in drier areas, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html, http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php, http://www.gateway-africa.com/fuanaflora/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The Mopane tree grows in hot, dry, low-lying areas in the far northern parts of southern Africa. The database and code is licensed under a The influence of large mammalian herbivores on growth form and utilization of mopane trees, Colophospermum mopane, in Botswana’s Northern Tuli Game Reserve C. V. Styles. Mopane is fairly oily, seasons very well with few splits or shakes, and produces instruments of a warm, rich tone.[5]. Mopane Woodland Management Dirk Wessels Introduction Colophospermum mopane (Benth.) Mopane grows in hot and dry areas, on the shallow, poor-drained, often alkaline soil, on the altitude of 660 to 3.770 feet. For this reason it has long been used for building houses and fences, as railway sleepers and as pit props. Other traditional uses of the mopane tree include the making of houses and kraal fences, the chewing of twigs as tooth brushes, the use of bark to make twine and for tanning, and the use of leaves for healing wounds. Young mopane trees are used in the making of the mopane rope. Some trees yield no copal but ooze a clear yellow gum when the bark is incised. Kruger Day Safaris. The leaves has a 12,6 % protein content and both the fruit and leaves retain their nutritional value after they have fallen to the ground. The mopane worm is also rich in crude fats and contains vitamins and minerals such as iron, calcuim and phosphorus. 2009. Oppong, C.K., Addo-Bediako, A., Potgieter, M.J. & Wessels, D.C.J. Outside Africa, mopane is gaining popularity as a heavy, decorative wood, its uses including aquarium ornaments, bases for lamps or sculptures, and garden accents. It is utilised medicinally by traditional healers in treating stomach ache, gout, diarrhoea, tooth ache and menstrual pain. Mopane worm creates employment and serve as a source of income for the majority of rural women. the h.illing of the young trees. Its large edible caterpillar, known as the madora or mopane worm or amacimbi, masontja, feeds primarily but not exclusively on mopane tree leaves. Outside Africa, mopane is gaining popularity as a heavy, decorative wood, its uses including aquarium ornaments, bases for lamps or sculptures, and garden accents. The Mopane tree or Colophospermum mopane, also known as the butterfly-tree for the shape of its wing-like leaves, plays a central role in southern Africa. Die zweiteiligen Laubblätter sehen wie Kamelfussabdrücke aus und falten sich bei starker Hitze zusammen. The tree is a major food source for the mopane worm, the caterpillar of the moth Gonimbrasia belina. Suitable quality African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon), traditionally used for clarinets, is becoming harder to find. Distribution of the eggs of the mopane psyllid, Oppong, C.K., Addo-Bediako, A., Potgieter, M.J. & Wessels, D.C.J. Mopane wood is one of southern Africa's heaviest and is difficult to work because of its hardness. Colophospermum mopane also hosts mopane worms (Gonimbrasia belina Westwood, 1849 moth larvae) which are consumed in large numbers After the teeth are extracted, Mopane leaves are applied to the wound to promote healing, the resin being astringent and perhaps antiseptic as noted above. A useful multi-purpose tree, it is often harvested from the wild for its medicinal uses and also for a wide range of commodities. The Mopane Tree wood is also been more widely used in furniture for its colour and durability, and as it is so hard it is termite resistant, making it … [6] The tree also acts as a foodplant for a wild silk moth, Gonometa rufobrunnea. J. D. Skinner. Nymphal behaviour and lerp construction in the mopane psyllid, A reference to the species' resinous seed: 'Origins and Meanings of Names of South African Plant Genera' - W.P.U. Colophospermum is Latinised Greek for "oily seed", in reference to the resinous seed (i.e. This insect forms an important nutritional part of the diet for many people around Africa. One of the first trees to feel the soft stirring of spring, it … The mopane is one of the trees most commonly used for the construction of traditional houses, palisades and fences in the regions Omusati, Oshana and Oshikoto. The termite-resistance and rich, reddish colouring also make it popular for flooring. Bartlett (1996) also reports of . The hard, reddish heartwood timber was used to make railway sleepers and as props for mining activities. Woody construction materials were more diverse, with 10 known tree species used for this service. Due to its great durability and resistance to termites, mopane wood is widely used for building, tool handles and other implements. Mopane is an important tree as an ecological dominant and fodder plant for many animals, particularly elephant [ 308 and small (less than 2 m height) C. mopane trees, the only two species occurring in this woodland type. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 15:26. Breteler. The tree only occurs in Africa. Mopane Oil. Mopane is semi-deciduous tree that belongs to the pea family. Ken Fern, Its wood is used for building houses and for firewood, its bark is used for tanning and for producing rope and its leaves provide welcome feed for browsing animals in the dry season. kruger national park, mpumalanga province, south africa - mopani tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. The tree is also used in soil stabilization projects and is occasionally used as a source of food. From plot data, C. mopane had the highest number of recorded cut stems (electronic supplementary material, table S2), indicating this species is heavily used and extracted. Gonimbrasia belina is a species of emperor moth which is native to the warmer parts of southern Africa. Translations of the word MOPANE from english to spanish and examples of the use of "MOPANE" in a sentence with their translations: Food sovereignty in Zimbabwe: mopane trees and local livelihoods. Ajna Fern & Söhnge, H. 2001. The well-known Mopane tree occurs from the south of Satara in dense stands northwards, becoming the most dominant tree of the area. spermum) which has a turpentine smell. The decline in mopane tree density, vegetation change, lower-than-normal precipitation, and higher-than-normal temperatures were the leading forms of environmental change which have significantly affected mopane worm availability and outbreak events. from the wood. Its distinctive butterfly-shaped leaf and thin seed pod make it easy to identify. In terms of human use it is, together with camel thorn and leadwood, one of the three regionally important firewood trees. The caterpillar of the moth, known as the Mopane Worm, is harvested and eaten as is or dried as a future food source. J. Léonard (vernacularly known as mopane) is one of the best-known and valuable tree species indigenous to southern Africa. Known uses include using mopane for timber (in building walls and roofs of traditional huts), for firewood and in making rope. Mopane worms … (As anyone who has driven through Kruger’s mopane veld can attest.) Hardwickia mopane (J.Kirk ex Benth.) Mopane is used extensively for firewood and also as building material (poles) in constructing traditional huts, kraals, fences, grain stores and chicken pens. The wood is also used to make charcoal and for braai wood. The termite-resistance and rich, reddish colouring also make it popular for flooring. Traditional medicinal and other uses. It grows in alkaline (high lime content) soils which are shallow and not well drained. C. mopane poles are used in hut construction, fence posts, railroad ties and carvings. Less common uses were also documented. This is one South Africa's heaviest timbers and is apparently difficult to work because of its … Colophon was the birthplace of Homer in Ionia, and was famous for its rosin, a substance obtained from turpentine or the gummy exudate of some trees. It is native to Southern Africa, including Southern Angola, Zambia, Southern Malawi, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Northern South Africa. noun /məˈpɑːni/ a) A tree, Colophospermum mopane, native to Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Namibia, Angola and Malawi b) The mopame worm or mopame moth Gonimbrasia belina It grows well in hot, dry, low-lying areas. mopane worm - caterpillar in the okavango delta - mopani tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images . RSA Recharge Rates; Child friendly day Safaris – ; Sunrise Safari – ; Full Day Safari – ; Sunset Safari – ; Privately Safaris – ; Sunrise Walk & Drive– The mopane worm, which is the caterpillar of the mopane moth, can be eaten fresh or dried. The termite-resistance and rich, reddish colouring also make it popular for flooring. It is widely used for firewood, construction, and medicinal pur-poses (Timberlake 1995). The way the villagers prepare the rope leads to . Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Richard Morris. However, this also makes it termite resistant. Mopane wood is one of southern Africa's heaviest and is difficult to work because of its hardness. It can be found in the northern parts of the South Africa. Die Laubblätter besitzen im Herbst und Frühling eine schöne Färbung. Mopane woodlands are especially decorative and attractive during the autumn. Mopane twigs have been traditionally used as tooth brushes, bark to make twine and for tanning, and leaves for healing wounds. Mopane wood is one of southern Africa's heaviest and is difficult to work because of its hardness. On mopane woodlands are especially decorative and attractive during the autumn furniture and fences, as railway sleepers as! 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Ache and menstrual pain ( less than 2 m height ) C. mopane poles are used the... This tree does not grow well outside hot, dry, low-lying areas in the making of the diet many. Diverse, with 10 known tree species indigenous to southern Africa mopane ) reason it has honoured... Due to its great durability and resistance to termites, mopane wood is one of southern Africa twine and braai! 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard....

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